What are the different types of depression?
The different types of depression
Nowadays, doctors recognize four categories of depression in addition to classic depression, which is also known as unipolar illness.
Manic Depression (bipolar disorder)
Period of depression and mania alternate. In mania, sufferers typically muster huge reserves of energy and may become productive. Their ideas may be wildly creative, even fanciful, and speech is rapid, but does not always making sense. Grandiose ideas are a hallmark. When they are not severe, some sufferers enjoy the manic phases as they feel alive, obtain some relief and get a lot done. At its worst, mania precludes leading a normal life. Violent mood swings are the norm.
Some people are profoundly biologically affected by winter’s low light levels, resulting in Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). Symptoms include depression, fatigue, poor concentration and memory, increased appetite, particularly for carbohydrate, increased weight and a desire to sleep for longer than in the summer. A true SAD sufferer so wants to sleep that he comes home from work, sleeps in from of the television, goes to bed late and falls asleep immediately and finds it difficult to get up in the morning. Other symptoms include feeling irritable, anxious, anti-social, miserable, guilty, lethargic and completely uninterested in sex.
“Baby blues” are common among new mothers. They tend to happen within five days of the birth and most women recover. Postnatal depression usually occurs later, even months after the birth. The symptoms are those of classic depression. The mother’s misery, fear and anger may be directly at herself, her baby or both. Irritability, fatigue and sleeplessness are the hallmarks. Puerperal psychosis is on a par with severe depression. The mother loses touch with reality and has delusions of being utterly bad. It may appear within weeks of the birth or not emerge for over a year.
“I’m fine” can be a dangerously misleading response from people who manage to conceal their depression. These are the people who unexpectedly commit suicide. The desire to put on a brave face is strong, but the sufferer may snap without warning.